KSU Weekly Grain Market Analysis: “Grinding” Thru February in the U.S. on the way to Spring Planting

Grain market summary notes, charts and comments ahead of the KSU Agriculture Today Grain Outlook to played on Friday, February 17, 2017 are available on the Kansas State University www.AgManager.info website at the following web address:

https://www.agmanager.info/sites/default/files/pdf/KSRN_GrainOutlook_02-17-17.pdf

The recorded radio program will be aired at 10:03 a.m. central time, Friday, February 17 on the K-State Radio Network (here) – with the program available to listen to online.  After the program airs, a recording can also be listened to from the KSU AgManager.info website via a link  in the “Radio Interviews” section: http://www.agmanager.info/news/default.asp

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U.S. Ethanol and Biodiesel Market-Profitability Graphics as of January 24, 2017 (via KSU AgManager)

Following are some graphics on economic trends in the U.S. ethanol industry, which are available on the KSU AgManager website: http://www.agmanager.info/    The full presentation titled “U.S. Ethanol & Biodiesel Market Situation” made for WILL (Illinois Public Radio) on Tuesday, January 24th is located at the KSU AgManager.info website – at the following web address:

http://www.agmanager.info/grain-marketing/grain-market-outlook-newsletter/us-ethanol-and-biodiesel-market-situation

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KSU Weekly Grain Market Analysis: Lower U.S. Winter Wheat Acres and Tighter U.S. Corn-Soybean Supply-Demand

Grain market summary notes, charts and comments supporting the KSU Agriculture Today Grain Outlook to be played on Friday, January 13th is available on the Kansas State University www.AgManager.info website at the following KSU web address:

https://www.agmanager.info/sites/default/files/pdf/KSRN_GrainOutlook_01-13-17.pdf

The recorded radio program was aired at 10:03 a.m. central time, Friday, January 13th on the K-State Radio Network (KSU Agriculture Today Radio) – web player available.

Later today the program can also be listened to via a link from the following website in the “Radio Interviews” section: http://www.agmanager.info/news#ksrn-radio-interviews

Following are sections of the Working notes for this week’s radio program up on the KSU AgManager.info website…

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KSU Weekly Grain Market Analysis: Steady-Higher in Kansas feedgrain and wheat markets in early 2017

 

Grain market summary notes, charts and comments ahead of the KSU Agriculture Today Grain Outlook to be played on Friday, January 5, 2017 is available on the Kansas State University www.AgManager.info website at the following KSU web address:

https://www.agmanager.info/sites/default/files/pdf/KSRN_GrainOutlook_1-06-17.pdf

The recorded radio program will be aired at 10:03 a.m. central time, Friday, January 6, 2017 on the K-State Radio Network (KSU Agriculture Today Radio) – web player available.

Following are sections of the Working notes for this week’s radio program up on the KSU AgManager.info website…

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KSU Grain Sorghum and World Coarse Grain Market Outlook in December 2016 – USDA Projections for “Next Crop” MY 2017/18

An analysis of U.S. Grain Sorghum and World Coarse Grain supply-demand factors and 2017 price prospects following the USDA’s December 9th World Agricultural Supply Demand Estimates (WASDE) reports will be available shortly on the KSU AgManager website (http://www.agmanager.info/default.asp).

Following is a summary of the article on U.S. Grain Sorghum & World Coarse Grain Market Outlook – with the full article and accompanying analysis available on the KSU AgManager website at the following web address

http://www.agmanager.info/grain-marketing/grain-market-outlook-newsletter

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Summary

Overview

Since the USDA’s December 9th World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) report, MARCH 2016 CME corn futures have trended lower.  On the day of the report, MARCH 2016 corn futures closed at $3.59 ½ per bushel, and then moved to a high of $3.63 on December 15th, before declining to a close of $3.49 ¾ on Thursday, December 29th.  The USDA’s forecast of a 462 million bushel (mb) 2016 U.S. grain sorghum crop along with record large 2016 U.S. corn crop of 15.226 billion bushels (bb), along with large 2016/17 marketing year U.S. feedgrain ending stocks of 64.8 million metric tons (mmt) – up 35%-38% from the previous two marketing years – and have continued to pressure both U.S. grain sorghum and corn market prices.

Cash grain sorghum prices in Kansas

Cash bids for grain sorghum in Kansas on December 29th were near $2.50 per bushel in many locations, with ethanol plants and some export oriented locations at $2.85-$3.05 /bu..

At major grain elevators in western Kansas, cash grain sorghum prices were in the range of $2.40 – $2.55 /bu on Thursday, December 29th with basis levels $0.95 to $1.10 under CME MARCH 2017 Corn futures.  As low as these prices were, they were still markedly higher than county FSA marketing loan rates of $1.76-$1.90 per bushel.  Similarly, central Kansas cash grain sorghum prices were in the range of $2.48 – $2.84 /bu with basis levels $1.02 to $0.65 under MARCH 2017 Corn, but still above local FSA loan rates of $1.85-$1.93 /bu..  At Topeka in east central Kansas, a higher bid was reported of $3.05 /bu (basis = $0.45 under).  Kansas ethanol plant bids for grain sorghum ranged from $2.84 ¾ to $2.89 ¾, with basis at $$0.60-$0.65 under MARCH 2017 Corn futures.  Just as with corn, wheat, and soybeans, current cash bids for grain sorghum are below cost of production in most instances – although to a degree high yields in 2016 has helped to mitigating this factor.

Although the existing “large supply and tight storage availability” situation predominates in local Kansas grain sorghum and corn markets in late December 2016, it is a positive sign that usage of these crops has provided enough market support so that Kansas cash prices have not fallen down to USDA loan rate – price support levels during the 2016 harvest and immediate post-harvest period.

Other Feedgrain Market Considerations

Other market factors to consider that could affect the U.S. feedgrain markets in 2017 include: 1) the pace and timing of U.S. farmer marketing of the 2016 grain sorghum and corn crops – much of which had been placed in storage after the 2016 fall harvest and likely will be held for sale through the winter into at least early spring 2017, 2) anticipation of continued strong use of 2016 crop U.S. feedgrains for domestic U.S. ethanol production and livestock feeding, 3) at least moderate strength in U.S. grain sorghum exports – driven partly by a poor Brazilian feedgrain harvest and lack of exportable supplies in earlier in 2016, as well as other World coarse grain market factors, and 4) the always present possibility of broader U.S. and Foreign economic and/or financial system disruptions impacting grain, energy, and other commodity markets in 2017.

For example, U.S. financial policy announcements by the U.S. Federal Reserve in 2017 could lead to increases in U.S. interest rates and the value of the U.S. dollar relative to other World currencies, which could in turn have a negative impact on U.S. grain sorghum exports.  Also, World geo-political events could provide  unanticipated “shocks” to U.S. and World energy and grain markets.  The impact on the direction of U.S. and World grain sorghum and corn markets from these potential disruptions is difficult to anticipate or predict.

USDA Supply-Demand Forecast for “Current” MY 2016/17

The USDA has projected of 2016 U.S. sorghum plantings of 6.761 ma, harvested acres of 6.045 ma, record high yields of 76.5 bu/ac (vs 76.0 bu/ac in 2015 and 67.6 bu/ac in 2014), resulting in a 2016 U.S. grain sorghum production is forecast to be 462 mb – down from 597 mb in 2015, but above 433 mb in 2014, and 392 mb in 2013.

With forecast “current” MY 2016/17 total supplies of 500 mb, total use of 465 mb, and projected ending stocks of 35 mb (7.48% S/U), U.S. grain sorghum prices are projected by the USDA to be in the range of $2.80-$3.30 (midpoint = $3.05 /bu).  Ending stocks of 35 mb (7.48% S/U) in “current” MY 2016/17 compare to 37 mb (6.28% S/U) in MY 2015/16, and 18 mb (4.10% S/U) in MY 2004/05.  United States grain sorghum prices of $3.05 /bu in “current” MY 2016/17 continue the downward trend from $3.31 /bu in MY 2015/16, $4.03 in MY 2014/15, $4.28 in MY 2013/14, and the record high of $6.33 /bu in the drought year of MY 2012/13.

USDA Supply-Demand Forecast for “Next Crop” MY 2017/18

With early USDA projections of 2017 U.S. sorghum plantings of 6.300 ma (down 461,000 acres), harvested acres of 5.400 ma (down 645,000 acres), projected yields of 67.1 bu/ac (vs the record high of 76.5 bu in 2016), 2017 U.S. grain sorghum production is forecast to be 362 mb – down from 462 mb in 2016, and 597 mb in 2015.

With forecast “next crop” MY 2017/18 total supplies of 397 mb (down from 500 mb last year and 620 mb the year before), total use of 365 mb (down from 465 mb last year and 583 the year before), and projected ending stocks of 32 mb (8.76% S/U) – down from 35 mb (7.48% S/U) in “current” MY 2016/17 – U.S. sorghum prices are projected by the USDA to average $3.10 /bu.

Note: This is a “large U.S. feedgrain crop” – “no major U.S. or Foreign crop problem” scenario.  Emerging production threats and the actual outcome of 2017 U.S. grain sorghum and corn production will drive the U.S. grain sorghum market in “next crop” MY 2017/18.

World Coarse Grain Supply-Demand

Record high World coarse grain production of 1,329.35 million metric tons (mmt) is projected for “current” MY 2016/17, up 6.4% from 1,249.65 mmt in MY 2015/16, and up 1.8% from 1,306.1 mmt in MY 2014/15.  Record high World coarse grain total supplies of 1,574.15 mmt are projected for “new crop” MY 2016/17, up from 1,495.0 mmt in MY 2015/16, and from 1,517.2 mmt in MY 2014/15.  “Coarse grains” include grain sorghum, corn, barley, oats, rye, millet, and mixed grains.

World coarse grain exports of 185.2 mmt are projected for “new crop” MY 2016/17, up 12.4% from 164.8 mmt in MY 2015/16, and down 0.5% from 186.1 mmt in MY 2014/15.  Projected record high World coarse grain ending stocks of 254.9 mmt (19.3% S/U) in “new crop” MY 2016/17 are up from 244.8 mmt (19.6% S/U) in MY 2015/16, but down from 245.4 mmt (19.3% S/U) in MY 2014/15.

Although World coarse grain ending stocks are projected to be a record high in “new crop” MY 2016/17 at 254.9 mmt, World coarse grain percent ending stocks-to-use in “new crop” MY 2016/17 are forecast to actually decline marginally to 19.3% – indicative that strong World demand for coarse grains at low prices is expected to continue – especially in Europe where grain production has been hampered by extreme weather conditions in the last year.

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KSU Corn Market Outlook in December 2016: USDA and KSU Price Forecasts for “Next Crop” MY 2017/18

An analysis of U.S. and World corn supply-demand factors and 2017/18 price prospects following the USDA’s December 1st Preliminary forecasts for “Next Crop” 2017/18 (https://www.usda.gov/oce/commodity/projections/) and the December 9, 2016 USDA  World Agricultural Supply Demand Estimates (WASDE) reports will be available on the KSU AgManager website:  http://www.agmanager.info/default.asp

Following is a summary of the article on “Corn Market Outlook in December 2016″ with the full article and accompanying analysis soon to be available on the KSU AgManager website at the following web address:

http://www.agmanager.info/grain-marketing/grain-market-outlook-newsletter

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Summary

Corn Futures & Kansas Cash Corn Market Situation

Since the USDA’s December 9th World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) report, MARCH 2016 CME corn futures have trended lower.  On the day of the report, MARCH 2016 corn futures closed at $3.59 ½ per bushel, and then moved to a high of $3.63 on December 15th, before declining to a close of $3.45 ¾ on Friday, December 23rd.  The USDA’s forecast of a record large 2016 U.S. corn crop 15.226 billion bushels (bb) and large 2016/17 marketing year ending stocks of 2.403 bb have continued to be the primary limiting focus of U.S. corn market prices.

Cash corn prices in at major grain elevators in central and western Kansas have declined below $3.00 per bushel down to the range of $2.66 to $2.96 per as of December 23rd, but have not fallen down to marketing loan rates near $2.05 (central KS) to $2.19 (western KS) per bushel.  Cash corn prices in east central and northeast Kansas – near river terminal locations – were in the range of $3.26-$3.28 per bushel on 12/23/2016.  Although the “large supply and tight storage availability” situation predominates in local Kansas grain markets, it is a positive sign that corn usage has provided enough market support that Kansas cash corn prices have not fallen down to USDA loan rate – price support levels.

Other Market Factors to Consider

Other market factors to consider that could affect the U.S. corn market in 2017 include: 1) the pace and timing of U.S. farmer marketing of the 2016 corn crop – much of which had been placed in storage after fall harvest and likely will be held for sale through the winter into at least early spring 2017, 2) anticipation of continued strong use of 2016 crop U.S. corn for domestic U.S. ethanol production and livestock feeding, 3) at least moderate strength in U.S. corn exports – driven partly by a poor harvest and lack of exportable supplies in Brazil in 2016 as well as other World corn market factors, and 4) the always present possibility of broader U.S. and Foreign economic and/or financial system disruptions impacting grain, energy, and other commodity markets in 2017.

For example, U.S. financial policy announcements by the U.S. Federal Reserve in 2017 could lead to increases in U.S. interest rates and the value of the U.S. dollar relative to other World currencies, which could in turn have a negative impact on U.S. corn exports.  Also, World geo-political events could provide an unanticipated “shock” to U.S. and World energy and grain markets – with the impact on the direction of U.S. and World corn markets being difficult to anticipate.

USDA Supply-Demand Forecast for “Current” MY 2016/17

With USDA projections of 2016 U.S. corn plantings of 94.490 ma, harvested acres of 86.836 ma, record high projected yields of 175.1 bu/ac (vs 168.4 bu/ac in 2015 and the previous record high of 171.0 bu/ac in 2014), 2016 U.S. corn production is forecast to be a record high 15.226 bb – up from 13.601 bb in 2015, the previous record of 14.216 bb in 2014, and 13.829 bb in 2013.

With forecast “current” MY 2016/17 total supplies of 17.031 bb (record high), total use of 14.610 bb (record high), and projected ending stocks of 2.403 bb (16.45% S/U) – up from 1.738 bb (12.72% S/U) in MY 2015/16 and the highest since 4.259 bb (54.90% S/U) in MY 2004/05 – U.S. corn prices are projected by the USDA to be in the range of $3.05-$3.65 (midpoint = $3.35 /bu) – being down from $3.61 /bu for MY 2015/16.  (continued)

USDA Supply-Demand Forecast for “Next Crop” MY 2017/18

With early USDA projections of 2017 U.S. corn plantings of 90.000 ma (down 4.490 ma), harvested acres of 82.300 ma (down 4.536 ma), projected yields of 170.8 bu/ac (vs the record high of 175.3 in 2016), 2017 U.S. corn production is forecast to be 14.060 bb – down from the record high of 15.226 bb in 2016.

With forecast “next crop” MY 2017/18 total supplies of 16.513 bb (down 500 mb from last year’s record high), total use of 14.215 bb (down 395 mb from last year’s record high), and projected ending stocks of 2.298 bb (16.17% S/U) – down from 2.403 bb (16.45% S/U) in “current” MY 2016/17 – U.S. corn prices are projected by the USDA to average $3.30 /bu. This scenario is given a 55% likelihood of occurring by KSU Extension Ag Economist D. O’Brien.

Alternative KSU Forecasts for “Next Crop” MY 2017/18

Three alternative KSU-Scenarios for U.S. corn supply-demand and prices are presented for “next crop” MY 2017/18.  Each forecast scenario presents the likelihood of lower U.S. corn yields and production than projected by the USDA in the December 1st USDA early supply-demand estimate for “next crop” MY 2017/18.

KSU “Next Crop” MY 2017/18 Scenario #1) “167.4 bu/ac – 13.777 bb” Scenario (25% probability) assumes: 90.000 ma planted, 82.300 ma harvested, 167.4 bu/ac trend yield, 13.777 bb production, 16.230 bb total supplies, 14.215 bb total use, 2.015 bb ending stocks, 14.18% S/U, & $3.55 /bu U.S. corn average price for “next crop” MY 2017/18;

KSU “Next Crop” MY 2017/18 Scenario 2) “165.0 bu/ac – 13.580 bb” Scenario (15% probability) assumes: 90.000 ma planted, 82.300 ma harvested, 165.0 bu/ac yield, 13.580 bb production, 16.033 bb total supplies, 14.215 bb total use, 1.818 bb ending stocks, 12.79% S/U, & $3.70 /bu U.S. corn average price for “next crop” MY 2017/18;

KSU “Next Crop” MY 2017/18 Scenario #3) “150.0 bu/ac – 12.345 bb” Scenario (5% probability) assumes: 90.000 ma planted, 82.300 ma harvested, 150.0 bu/ac yield, 12.345 bb production, 14.798 bb total supplies, 13.460 bb total use, 1.338 bb ending stocks, 9.94% S/U, & $4.30 /bu U.S. corn average price for “next crop” MY 2017/18;

World Corn Supply-Demand

Record high World corn production of 1,039.7 million metric tons (mmt) is projected for “current” MY 2016/17, up 8.2% from 961.1 mmt in MY 2015/16, and up 2.5% from 1,014.0 mmt in MY 2014/15.  Record high World corn total supplies of 1,248.7 mmt are projected for “new crop” MY 2016/17, up from 1,169.3 mmt in MY 2015/16, and from 1,188.8 mmt in MY 2014/15.

World corn exports of 147.7 mmt are projected for “new crop” MY 2016/17, up 21.8% from 121.2 mmt in MY 2015/16, and up 3.9% from 142.2 mmt in MY 2014/15.  Projected record high World corn ending stocks of 222.25 mmt (21.7% S/U) in “new crop” MY 2016/17 are up from 208.95 mmt (21.8% S/U) in MY 2015/16, and from 208.3 mmt (21.2% S/U) in MY 2014/15.

Although World corn ending stocks are projected to be a record high in “new crop” MY 2016/17 at 222.25 mmt, World corn percent ending stocks-to-use in “new crop” MY 2016/17 are forecast to actually decline marginally to 21.7% – indicative that strong World demand for corn at low prices is expected to continue – especially in Europe where grain production has been hampered by extreme weather conditions in the last year.

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U.S. Ethanol and Biodiesel Market-Profitability Graphics in mid-December 2016 (via KSU AgManager)

Following are some graphics on price and profitability trends in the U.S. ethanol and biodiesel industries, which will soon be available on the KSU AgManager website: http://www.agmanager.info/    The full presentation titled “U.S. Ethanol & Biodiesel Market Situation” made for WILL (Illinois Public Radio) will be located at the KSU AgManager.info website – on or after December 20, 2016, at the following web address in the “Grain Marketing” section:

http://www.agmanager.info/grain-marketing/grain-market-outlook-newsletter/us-ethanol-and-biodiesel-market-situation

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